Diabetic Eye Symptoms
If you have diabetes it is strongly recommended to visit your doctor and have your eyes checked regularly. Diabetes can increase the risk of eye problems because of the high glucose levels in the blood. If not treated, these eye problems could lead to blindness. Regular eye checkups can keep minor eye problems from getting worse. There are several symptoms that could indicate problems due to diabetes.
Clouding or fogging
A cloudy area in the eye could be a symptom of a diabetic eye, in particular cataracts. Although everyone can get cataract, people with diabetes can get this condition at an earlier age and it progresses more rapidly. For people with cataract, focusing on an image is difficult.
Changes in vision
When vision fluctuates, it could be a sign of glaucoma. With this condition, pressure builds up in the eye because eye fluids are not drained properly. The increase in pressure can damage nerves and blood vessels in the eyes, causing the changes in vision.
Loss of vision
The high blood glucose level leads to damage in the small blood vessels in the retina, the cells behind the eye. This damage is called diabetic retinopathy and is the leading cause of blindness in many countries. They longer a person has diabetes, the greater the risk to retinopathy.
Preventing diabetic eye problems
Other symptoms of diabetic eye problems could include black sports in vision, light flashes and holes. Annual exams are very important for people with diabetes. A good examination by a doctor can help identify a problem at an early stage when it is more easy to treat it. Also, improving blood glucose control can reduce the risk of developing eye problems.