Diabetic nerve pain
Diabetic nerve pain, also called neuropathy, is a common complication of both diabetes type 1 and 2. With diabetes, the blood glucose levels in the blood get too high causing damage to the nerves resulting in neuropathy or nerve pain. Most symptoms develop gradually and sometimes, people don’t even know that they have a problem until there is considerable damage. There are four types of diabetic neuropathy.
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy is the most common form of diabetic nerve pain. The legs and feet are often the first body areas affected. The nerve damage can result in a loss of sensation in the feet. It can also spread to arms and hands. Small sores and injuries may stay unnoticed. This could lead to serious foot problems like infections and even amputation. The symptoms of diabetic peripheral neuropathy are a tingling or burning sensation in legs and feet. Numbness or pain are also common symptoms.
Diabetic autonomic neuropathy
The autonomic nervous system controls the heart, lungs, bladder, stomach, intestines, eyes and sex organs. Diabetes can affect the nerves in the areas causing constipation, diarrhoea, bloating, hearburn, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, increased heart rate, low blood pressure, urinary tract infection, vaginal dryness, erectile problems, etc.
Also called femoral neuropathy or proximal neuropathy, diabetic amyotrophy causes pain in the thighs, hips, legs or buttocks. Symptoms mostly occur on one side of the body but in some cases it can spread to the other side as well. Diabetic amyotrophy is usually marked by sudden pain in hip, thigh or buttock, weight loss, weakened muscles and difficulty rising from a sitting position.
Diabetic focal neuropathy
Diabetic nerve pain can also affect specific nerves and appear suddenly. Symptoms depend on which nerves are affect and may include double vision, eye pain, paralysis on one side of the face, chest or abdominal pain, pain in the front of the thighs or shins.
Monitoring blood glucose levels closely will help prevent many of these diabetes-related nerve conditions. A doctor can help with optimizing an individual diabetes treatment plan.