Living with type 1 diabetes
Diabetes is not something to think lightly of. It’s a condition that can have serious health consequences including blindness and heart disease. Therefore, looking after your health carefully is very important to minimize the risk of complications. Although living with diabetes can be tough, there are lots of things you can do to make sure your daily life won’t be affected greatly.
When you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, your pancreas is not able to produce insulin. Therefore, you will have to inject yourself with insulin several times a day. This can be done with syringes, insulin pens or an insulin pump. It’s very important to monitor your glucose levels closely and adjust your daily insulin intake to these levels.
It is often thought that people with diabetes are not allowed to eat sugary things at all and that they have to keep to a special diet. Luckily this is not to case. However, when you have diabetes it’s important to eat healthy. So make sure you eat fruits and vegetables as well as food that is high in fibres and low in fat, salt and sugar. As food affects your glucose level, it’s crucial to plan your meals so you get the right amount of glucose and insulin. A nutritionist can help you with planning your meals and making healthy choices.
Exercising is also a vital element of proper diabetes care as it lowers your blood glucose level. Try to exercise on a daily base for about 30 minutes. You can try aerobics, cycling or fast walking. Before you start with an exercise regime, it’s wise to talk to your doctor. As exercise will affect your blood glucose level, it could be necessary to adjust your insulin treatment or diet to keep the glucose levels in your blood steady.
Smoking and drinking
People with diabetes have a higher risk of developing a cardiovascular disease. Smoking affects your heart and for people with diabetes, the consequences can be severe. As to alcohol, always be careful not to drink too much. Drinking alcohol affects your glucose levels. Depending on the amount you drink, you can get hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose levels) or hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose levels).
Check your feet and eyes
Diabetes can damage the nerves in your feet. Therefore, people with diabetes are more likely to develop infections from small cuts. To prevent small problems from getting worse, check your feet regularly for cuts because you may not feel these cuts if the nerves in your feet are damaged. As to your eyes, diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in your eyes causing retinopathy. Therefore, make sure you have your eyes tested regularly.
Living the life you want is possible with diabetes. Just make sure you give your body the care it needs.