Signs of type 2 diabetes
Millions of people worldwide have diabetes type 2. Of all people who have diabetes, which is 382 (2013) million, 90% have diabetes type 2. In diabetes type 2, the body is not able to use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas.
Thanks to insulin, the glucose in the blood reaches the body’s cells where it is used for energy. However, when there is not enough insulin in the body or the body cannot process it properly, glucose accumulates in the blood causing damage to the body. Many people have diabetes type 2 without even knowing it. If you have any of the symptoms mentioned here below, it’s wise to see a doctor.
Frequent urination and excessive thirst
The kidneys react to the build up of glucose in the blood by flushing it out into the urine. As a result, you will have to go to the restroom very frequently. Due to the loss of fluids, the body becomes dehydrated leading to excessive thirst. It’s a vicious cycle; the more you urinate, the more thirsty you get.
Unexplained weight loss & hunger
The body’s cells need energy in the form of glucose. If they are not getting it, the body starts breaking down muscle tissue. This causes weight loss. Also, the kidneys are working overtime to dispose of the excess glucose. This requires a lot of energy leading to weight loss.
People with type 2 diabetes still produce insulin. But for some reason, the body is not processing it properly. This results in high insulin levels in the body. The high insulin levels tricks the brain into feeling hungry. Moreover, the hunger can come from sharp highs and lows in blood glucose levels. When blood glucose levels are low, the body craves more energy.
Blurry vision is one of the early warning signs of type 2 diabetes. Rapid changes in blood glucose causes blurred vision because the muscles in the eye have to work harder to focus. Luckily, this symptom is reversible once the blood glucose levels are returned to normal.
Tingling or numbness in hands and feet
Over time, diabetes type 2 can cause serious damage to nerves throughout the body. If this is the case, the nerve damage usually starts in the extremities of the limbs; in hands and feet. It causes tingling and numbness and sometimes also burning pain and swelling. Also, because of the numbness, small cuts may remain unnoticed. This could lead to serious problems and even loss of limbs.
Both yeast and bacteria in the body multiply when blood glucose levels are high. Especially women with type 2 diabetes are more prone to vaginal infections. These infections could also lead to bladder infection. Foot infections are also common because diabetes type 2 can lead to nerve damage of the skin, blood vessels and nerves of the feet.
Diabetes type 2 is a serious condition causing harm to the body. Luckily there is a lot you can do keep the illness manageable so you can lead a happy and normal life.