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The causes of diabetes

The causes of diabetes

Over 382 million people worldwide have it: diabetes. This number is growing considerably. It is estimated that in 2035, the amount of people with diabetes worldwide will have increased by 55%. It’s a serious condition that affects a lot of people. To understand the causes, it’s important to know what diabetes is.

What is diabetes?

People with diabetes have a high blood glucose level (blood sugar). This can be caused by the body’s inadequacy to produce insulin or the body’s cells do not respond to insulin properly. The result is a build up of glucose in the blood. This excess glucose leaves the body withurine. In this way, the cells are not getting the glucose they need for energy and growth.

Two types of diabetes

There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and 2. Approximately 90% of people with diabetes have type 2. In this case, the body doesn’t use the insulin properly or the cells in the body do not react to insulin. This is a progressive condition. Some people are able to control it with a healthy diet and exercise. With type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin at all or too little. People with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin injections for the rest of their life.

What causes diabetes?

It is said that Type 1 diabetes is caused by genetic factors. In the case of Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin because the body’s own immune system has destroyed the insulin producing cells. Instead of being transported into the cells, the sugar builds up in the bloodstream. The causes of diabetes Type 2 are strongly linked to obesity and lifestyle. Many people who have diabetes type 2 are also overweight. The risks of getting type 2 diabetes increases when you get older.

How do you know you have diabetes?

The most common diabetes warning signs include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, unusual weight loss, tiredness, cuts and bruises that won’t heal easily, blurry vision, numbness and tingling in hands and feet. If you experience these symptoms, it’s best to consult your doctor. Diabetes is a very serious condition. If not treated properly, the symptoms can turn worse and cause serious problems.