Treatment for type 1 diabetes
People who have type 1 diabetes are not able to produce insulin. Insulin is vital for keeping blood glucose levels within a healthy range. Thanks to blood glucose, the cells in your body get the energy they need to function properly. But the blood glucose can only reach the cells with the help of insulin which is produced by the pancreas.
Without insulin, the glucose stays in the bloodstream where it builds up and does not reach the cells. This can lead to all sorts of health problems like heart and kidney diseases, nerve damages and eye problems.
Managing type 1 diabetes
Despite all the research there is currently no cure for diabetes. So people with type 1 diabetes will need treatment to manage their condition for the rest of their lives. Treatment is focused on helping people control their blood glucose levels and minimize the risk of complications. People with diabetes will need regular insulin treatment to keep blood glucose levels normal. Insulin is injected either with a needle, pen or an insulin pump. By testing blood glucose level, it is possible to check whether a person is managing his diabetes properly.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is very important for people with diabetes type 1. They have to pay attention to what they eat and when they eat it and balance is with their insulin intake. Foods have a direct effect on blood glucose levels. Some foods will cause blood glucose to go up, while others cause it to go down. Apart from monitoring food intake, it’s important to stick to a healthy diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and low on fat and sugar. Furthermore, regular exercise helps keep glucose levels balanced. It reduces the risk of other health complications such as heart disease.
Managing diabetes can seem complicated but with the help of a physician, it’s possible to put together a detailed and easy to understand health plan.