Type 2 diabetes treatment
Diabetes type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. People with diabetes type 2 have insulin resistance, which means that their body is not able to process insulin. The body needs insulin to transfer glucose to the cells where it is used for energy. When the glucose is not able to reach the cells, it builds up in the bloodstream.
This causes severe damage to the body. There is no cure of diabetes type 2. Treatment is aimed at keeping glucose levels as normal as possible. People with diabetes type 2 have to watch their health closely. Luckily, with the proper care, people with diabetes are able to live a long and happy life.
People with diabetes don’t have to follow a special diet; it’s basically the same as recommended for everyone who wants to live healthy. It’s important to make sure you eat lots of high-fibre and low-fat foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Reducing the intake of sweets, saturated fats and refined carbohydrates is also recommended.
A dietician or nurse can help with establishing a balanced diet. People with diabetes type 2 who are overweight should lose some weight. Apart from the health benefits, a healthy weight will help to reduce blood glucose levels.
Exercising on a daily base is good for everyone, particularly for people with diabetes type 2. It is advised to exercise at least 30 minutes a day. This could be jogging, swimming, cycling, dancing, aerobics, etc. It’s best to choose an activity that gets you a little out of breath and sweating. It’s possible to spread the physical activity over the day.
For example 15 minutes of jogging in the morning and 15 minutes of aerobic exercises in the evening. A combination of aerobics with strength exercises helps control glucose levels in an effective way. Before starting a physical activity, it is important to check glucose levels as activity lowers these levels.
Monitoring blood glucose levels
Carefully checking glucose levels is the only way to keep them within the target range. Some people can manage their glucose levels with diet and exercising alone but many people with diabetes type 2 need diabetes medication or insulin therapy. Medication is used in addition to and not instead of lifestyle changes. A doctor can advice which medication which treatment is best.