Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is a serious disease where the body is either unable to produce insulin or is unable to use the insulin it produces. Insulin –a hormone- controls how much glucose stays in the blood. With diabetes, the levels of glucose increase greatly. There are three main types of diabetes, each of which can have a bad effect on the blood vessels, nerves and organs.
Type 1 Diabetes
Previously known as juvenile diabetes, type 1 diabetes is usually found in young adolescents (not older than 20) and in children. Just 5-10% of the people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
In type 1 diabetes, very small amounts of insulin, if not any insulin at all, is being produced by the body. This leads to the building up of glucose in the blood, when it is supposed to be used as energy.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes (around 90-95% of people with have type 2). Having type 2 diabetes means your body is unable to use insulin properly. This is referred to as insulin resistance or insulin insensitivity.
Gestational diabetes, the third type, is only found among women. It is a temporary form that can take place when a woman is pregnant. It is temporary in that it reverses after pregnancy, although it is likely for it to return should a woman be pregnant in the future. This means that newborns are at risk of developing diabetes.